The relationship between periodontal disease and vitamin D
There is conflicting evidence on the relationship between vitamin D and periodontal disease. Studies were conducted to clarify and confirm this connection.
Vitamin D. Photo source pexels.com
The study was carried out:
Based on a survey conducted in Canada on health measures in which respondents aged 13 to 79 took part;
the state of vitamin D was determined by measuring the concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) in plasma;
using the gum index and the estimated loss of attachment, the state of periodontal disease was determined.
What is periodontitis?
Microbial biofilms formed on the teeth cause periodontal inflammation, which leads to chronic periodontitis.
Prevention is important for the timely detection of periodontal disease. Photo source pexels.com
Bacterial products and the host’s immune system response to these products destroy the tissues that hold the teeth and alveolar bone. Destructive tissue is a consequence of chronic periodontitis, which provokes tooth loss in adults. Prevention of this disease is very important, since tooth loss is not only a cosmetic problem. Their absence is reflected:
on a state of nutrition;
quality of life in general.
The relationship with systemic diseases has been established:
of cardio-vascular system;
and type II diabetes.
This is a fat-soluble vitamin that the body can receive in several ways:
due to exposure to sunlight;
from food additives.
Vitamin D Products
Products containing vitamin D. Photo source unsplash.com
He is involved in many processes of the body:
regulates the absorption of calcium from the intestines;
maintains concentration of calcium in plasma;
promotes bone mineralization, their density depends on its number (with a sufficient level there is a low risk of fractures);
regulates the effect on the immune response, either stimulating or suppressing it (for example, bactericidal activity improves due to the production of active vitamin D).