All About Toothbrushes
In the modern world, there is a very large assortment of oral care products. Many people get lost when choosing a toothbrush. And manufacturers use this, creating beautiful ads and luring you to buy their product.
This article will help you figure out what toothbrushes are, why they are needed, how to choose the perfect brush, and of course not to become a “victim” of advertising, because the health of teeth and gums depends on the right choice of a toothbrush.
To begin with, a brief tour of the history of the creation of the toothbrush
In 1728, the French doctor Pierre Fauchard first told the world that brushing your teeth is necessary, moreover, every day. And at the end of the XIX century, the French microbiologist Louis Pasteur suggested that microbes cause tooth diseases, so you need to not only brush your teeth, but also disinfect your brushes by boiling. After boiling, the toothbrushes quickly deteriorated, as they were made of natural materials, they had to be replaced more often.
In the mid-twentieth century, an American dentist Robert Hutson decided to replace natural bristles with artificial material, namely soft nylon. Such bristles were hard and scratched the enamel of the teeth. Therefore, Hutson suggested “cutting” the bristles and rounding their tips, and also increased their number.
In 1954, the Swiss doctor Phillip-Guy Voog invented the first electric toothbrush.
The first electric brushes were electro-rotating. They had a significant minus to their owners, they could be shocked, so they were recognized as unsafe.
Significant progress in more gentle toothbrushing was achieved after the development of sonic toothbrushes (Braun Oral B-3D, Sonicart, Panasonic). In the mid-90s in the United States, Dr. Robert Bock patented the Ultrasonex dual-frequency ultrasonic brush. After lengthy research, American and British scientists came to the conclusion that only an electric toothbrush – Braun Oral-B, performing rotational-vibrational movements, is much more effective than a conventional mechanical brush. Due to vibrations, soft plaque is loosened, it is “swept” from the surface of the teeth by rotational movements.
Another distinguishing feature of a modern toothbrush is its rounded bristles. It is the least traumatic for the oral cavity. Modern production methods allow you to create toothbrushes of various shapes, colors and sizes.
How to choose the “right” toothbrush
First you need to visit a dentist, conduct professional oral hygiene. The doctor will evaluate the condition of your teeth and gums, and only after that will be able to recommend a toothbrush suitable for you.
By brush type there are:
mechanical are the most common toothbrushes;
electric ones work from the built-in battery in the handle of the toothbrush, reproducing reciprocating, reciprocating, pulsating-oscillating movements that generate negatively charged ions.
Toothbrush bristles are:
Very soft and soft (ultra-soft, extra soft, sensitive, soft) can be used after surgery in the oral cavity only for the healing period, also suitable for people with diabetes or if you have sensitive gums, and of course soft brushes are suitable for children during the period of a milk bite of teeth;
Medium ones are created for people who have no problems in the oral cavity, are suitable for almost everyone, only in rare cases a brush of a different stiffness is required;
Hard and very hard (hard, extra hard) are extremely rarely suitable for anyone, they are designed for people who have braces, leveling plates or dental bridges. it is worth remembering that using a hard brush you risk damaging the tooth enamel.
The material from which the bristles are made may be natural, but mostly synthetic, as this is more hygienic.
What to look for when choosing a toothbrush
The length of the working head should cover 2-2.5 teeth, for children it is 18-25 mm, for adults 30 mm;
A brush with rounded edges will minimize injuries to the oral mucosa;
The junction of the brush head with the handle should be movable, as this will reduce pressure on the teeth and gums;
The handle of the toothbrush should lie comfortably in your hand.
Each member of the family should have their own individual toothbrush, everyone understands this, but far from everyone knows that when storing the brushes should not be in contact, not everyone knows.
Children’s brushes should be separate from adults, however, like adult brushes, separately from other family members. Since each person has his own individual microflora in the oral cavity. In adults, there are a lot of microbes in the mouth, the presence of caries and its complications in this way the microbes of an adult can get on the brush of a child or another adult, and provoke various inflammatory processes.
There is a theory of the development of caries by infection from person to person when drinking from one bottle or cup neck, with kisses, eating from one cutlery, etc.