Toothache or pain associated with dental disease
Why does a tooth hurt? Causes of Toothache
Many of us felt this or that toothache: sharp, piercing the entire jaw, ear, eyes, or aching monotonous, which intensifies, then subsides, or arises from various irritants (water, air, food). First night, then day.
Only after experiencing a toothache do you begin to wonder why you didn’t go to the dentist on time. After all, when a tooth hurts, it is impossible to do anything, either at home or at work. Let’s try to describe the main points of pain and the causes of their occurrence.
Why does a tooth hurt?
Pain in the tooth occurs with irritation of nerve receptors that are located in various parts of the maxillofacial system. All processes that occur in the teeth lead to irritation of the receptor apparatus.
Pathological processes signal from receptors to the cerebral cortex and are further transformed into a feeling of pain.
Most pain receptors are located inside the tooth cavity (tooth pulp) or “nerve”, as patients usually say. These receptors perform a protective function and if even the first pain occurs, you should consult a dentist, since ignoring can lead to serious complications.
Most often, pain occurs from sweet, cold. It disappears quickly if the irritant is removed. This is a signal that you need the attention of a doctor. Firstly, you will keep the tooth alive, and secondly (we will transfer it financially) you will save your own budget, since tooth filling is much cheaper than treating tooth canals.
Of course, prevention is even cheaper and a doctor’s examination twice a year, this is the best option that will keep you healthy teeth and help to avoid significant treatment costs.
Pain usually comes at night. Intense, giving in the ear, in the teeth-antagonists. The patient cannot accurately show which tooth hurts and whether it is a tooth at all. Pulpitis treatment is more complicated and more expensive than caries.
Of the minuses – the tooth, after treatment, loses nerve receptors. But, if we put off “for later” and having endured this pain (yes, such cases occur), we proceed to the next “mandatory” stage of the development of the problem – periodontitis.
Periodontitis usually occurs after the patient ignores the symptoms of pulpitis or after unsuccessful treatment of the canals. Or under the crown (sometimes, the patient complains that the tooth hurts under the crown). As a rule, patients cannot close their teeth, the sensation of a grown tooth cannot be touched, the pain is intense, throbbing, pain when pressing on the tooth.
But here, there are cases when the patient tries to endure this pain and we move on to the next stage, which usually does not pass without periodontitis, this is periostitis, or, as patients say, flux.
The pain disappears sharply, but there is a swelling on the part of the diseased tooth, tooth mobility. The reason for this is periostitis. A purulent process that has absorbed the bone septum and has gone under the mucous membrane (gum).
The treatment of such processes is expensive and time-consuming, plus it reduces the chances of a one hundred percent positive result. But, with such processes, do not rush to remove the tooth. Consult a doctor, or better, with a few, and only after that make a decision: to leave a tooth or not.
Often there is pain in the teeth with improper use and selection of a toothbrush and toothpaste. The so-called enamel sensitivity. At a regular examination by a dentist, such causes disappear on their own and no longer appear.
The pain that appears and disappears in the chewing teeth of the lower jaw. This is usually a retarded (undercut) wisdom tooth that presses on adjacent teeth. Therefore, before removing this type of pain, do an X-ray diagnostics so that “by accident” you do not have the nerves removed in neighboring healthy teeth.
The pain in the upper teeth that radiates to the eye, the ear, which is very similar to pulpitis, is most often caused by problems with the maxillary / sinus sinuses. For diagnosis, it is better to consult an otolaryngologist and do a CT scan of the upper jaw.
The main thing – do not rush to treat the canals (depulpate) in healthy teeth. With sinusitis you will immediately feel relief and after a few days you will be covered by a second wave of pain.
As a result:
For toothache, be sure to contact your dentist.
Do not tighten. Faster means more chances for good treatment results. Yes, and the treatment itself is cheaper.
The correct diagnosis is the key to successful treatment of your tooth.